Sochi Agreement On Idlib

MOSCOW, March 4 (Xinhua) — On Wednesday, the Russian Defense Ministry criticized Turkey for allegedly violating an agreement with Russia on the Idlib de-escalation zone in northwestern Syria. On 12 January, the parties in Libya announced a ceasefire in response to a joint appeal by the Turkish and Russian leaders. But talks on a lasting ceasefire ended without agreement after renegade commander Khalifa Haftar left Moscow without signing the agreement. The agreement will also create a security corridor along the important M4 motorway in northern Syria, where Turkish and Russian forces will begin joint patrols from 15 March. Since its military intervention in Syria in 2014, Russia has tried to stabilize the regime of President Bashar Assad and restore its control over all Syrian territory. Russian-Turkish strategic cooperation was highlighted when Russia accepted Operation Euphrates Shield, when Turkish forces and their Syrian opposition allies crossed the Syrian border and built an area without IS and QSD in areas between Jarablus, Al-Bab and Azaz. In December 2016, Turkey and Russia agreed on a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Syrian opposition groups from east Aleppo, paving the way for the launch of the Astana process involving Russia, Turkey and Iran. The agreement also established four de-escalation zones in Ghouta, Damascus, North Homs and Idlib and liquidated them in 2018. “It will end as before,” said the 33-year-old father of four, referring to a 2018 agreement in the Russian city of Sochi that created a “de-escalation zone” in Idlib.

“With this agreement, we have ruled out a major humanitarian crisis in Idlib,” Erdogan told reporters at the press conference with Putin. On August 1, 2019, after months of heavy fighting between the government and rebels, the Syrian government announced a unilateral ceasefire that depends on the rebels` compliance with the initial demilitarization conditions in 2018. [74] [74] Most rebel groups accepted the offer. [76] [77] However, shortly after the ceasefire came into force, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham stated that they would categorically refuse to leave each region under their control by that date, which was an essential requirement of the initial agreement and conditional ceasefire. [78] [79] The following day, the government announced the end of the ceasefire and the resumption of military operations, citing the refusal of rebel groups to withdraw from the area as the reason for the failure of the ceasefire. [80] [81] A considerable part of the territory of the DMZ was conquered by the Syrian army and its allies in the final phase of the offensive.

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