Comprehensive Peace Agreement Sudan 2005

CONSCIENTS that peace, stability and development are shared by all Sudanese; The peace process was supported by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and IGAD-Partners, a consortium of donor countries. Given the long history of the failure of negotiations between the ASC and SPLM/A, the signing of the CPA in January 2005 was welcomed by the governments of the North, The South and foreign countries. The CPA established an interim constitution for Sudan, which established the division of power between the ASC and SPLM/A at the national level, which provided for a semi-autonomous regional government in the South led by SPLM/A, developed an oil revenue-sharing formula and called on the state to hold a referendum on self-determination in the South in 2011. The CPA signatories and international interlocutors who facilitated the agreement saw the period leading up to the referendum as an opportunity for the ruling ASC to launch democratic reforms, demonstrating the benefits of Sudanese unity and encouraging South Sudanese to vote against South Sudan`s independence in 2011. The SPLM announced its return to government on December 13, 2007 following an agreement. The agreement provides that the seat of government will pass every three months between Juba and Khartoum, although it seems that this will be largely symbolic, as well as the financing of a census (important for the referendum) and a timetable for the withdrawal of troops at the border. [3] IN CONSEQUENCE, in accordance with this commitment, the parties have reached a correct agreement on the following texts: the Machakos Protocol of 20 July 2002, which is included in Chapter I of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); The agreement on the security agreements of 25 September 2003, as defined in Chapter VI of the CPA; The wealth-sharing agreement of January 7, 2004, as defined in Chapter III of the CPA; The Protocol on the Distribution of Energy Use of May 26, 2004, which is outlined in Chapter II of the CPA; the Protocol of 26 May 2004 on the settlement of the conflict in the southern states of Kordofan and thought Nile, as outlined in Chapter V of the CPA; and the protocol on the settlement of the conflict in the Abyei region of 26 May 2004, as outlined in Chapter IV of the CPA; and that the UNITED Nations Security Council, in its Resolution 1574 of 19 November 2004, took note of these protocols and agreements; Three agreements had to be concluded to reach a comprehensive peace agreement: one on permanent ceasefire agreements, the other on the implementation of all signed protocols and the other, which has yet to be concluded through permanent ceasefire agreements, and the other on international/regional guarantees.

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